Ammonia (NH3) – or hydrogen nitride – is industrially synthetized from nitrogen (N) and hydrogen (H2) using a catalyst (Haber-Bosch process). This substance is a key element for producing fertilizers and is used in the cooling industry. When dissolved into water, ammonia is used to produce household products. It is also exploited in the textile industry and for many other applications.
Ammonia effects on health
Above all ammonia is toxic (even at low concentrations) and very irritating to the eyes and breathing tracts. It can be easily detectable through smell with its pungent and esphyxiating smell. This gas is also flammable and explosive between 15 and 28% volume. If it enters in contact with other substances like halogens, mercury or acetaldehyde, explosive reactions can occur.