Sugar fermentation into ethanol (C2H6O) – also known as ethylic alcohol or alcohol – is one of the oldest biotechnologies used to produce alcoholic beverages. It is used as a solvent or disinfectant in industries and as a raw material to produce many compounds. If concentrated and hydrated, ethanol becomes bioethanol – a biofuel (European E85) – that is mixed with gasoline or diesel.
Ethanol effects on health
Ethanol (C2H6O) is a colourless volatile liquid with a sweet smell detectable from 84 ppm. It can easily be inhaled or absorbed through skin. Intoxication acute symptoms by ingestion are well-known and essentially neuropsychic: intellectual and physical excitation, coordination deficiency then alcohol coma and even respiratory paralysis.